Surfshark’s internet censorship yearly recap shows that nearly a third of a billion Africans were affected by internet shutdowns in 2022. In addition to multi-year restrictions, 5 African countries censored the internet 13 times in 2022. The research tracks partial and complete internet and social media shutdowns in 196 countries and territories.

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“More than half of the world’s population was affected by internet censorship last year. Many of these cases involved full internet disruptions on a local or national level. These can be devastating and extremely dangerous, especially during wartime, protests, or violent government repressions”, says Surfshark spokeswoman Gabriele Racaityte-Krasauske.

Here are the key takeaways:
  • 4.2 billion people were affected by internet censorship in 2022 globally.

  • Africa was the second most intensive continent by internet shutdowns after Asia.

  • There were 13 new internet restrictions in Africa in 2022 imposed by 5 countries.

  • Sudan takes the lead in Africa by new disruption count (4).
  • The main causes for internet censorship in 2022 were protests and political turmoil.

  • Facebook was the most-restricted social media platform in 2022.

Asia continues to lead by internet disruption count, while Africa comes in second

11 Asian countries imposed new internet disruptions in 2022, bringing a total of 58 cases. The Jammu and Kashmir region has the highest disruption count in the world (24), followed by Iran (11) and India (10). 


Africa follows Asia as the second most disruption-intensive region, with 5 countries imposing 13 restrictions. Sudan takes the lead in Africa by disruption count (4), followed by Burkina Faso (3) and Zimbabwe (3), Sierra Leone (2) and Somalia (1).

“Through the past year we’ve seen how governments have used internet shutdowns and telecommunications blackouts as a tool of repression and control, silencing journalists, civil society, and the general public. Internet connectivity today underpins all human rights, which is why it’s more critical than ever to document mass-censorship incidents and find ways to get people reconnected.” Alp Toker, Director, NetBlocks

Burkina Faso’s restriction was the longest in the world last year, followed by Russia and Azerbaijan:

    • Burkina Faso restricted Facebook in January. The restriction continued into 2023.
    • Russia’s Twitter, Facebook and Instagram disruptions following the invasion of Ukraine are still ongoing. The country has also blocked access to major international news sites.
  • Azerbaijan restricted TikTok in September. The platform remains restricted to this day.

Of all social media platforms, Facebook is the most-hated by autocratic governments and remains highly censored in 2022. In fact, since 2015, a staggering 46% of the global population has, in some way or another, been affected by government-imposed Facebook restrictions.

The Internet Censorship Tracker was developed by Surfshark in partnership with internet watchdog NetBlocks. The research tracks partial and complete internet and social media shutdowns in 196 countries and territories from 2015 onwards. For the full yearly ICT recap, please visit the link: https://surfshark.com/blog/internet-censorship-2022.
Please refer to https://surfshark.com/research/internet-censorship/methodology for methodology, data sources and data spreadsheet.
COVER PHOTO: Paradigm Initiative

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