By Raphael Oluwole, Lagos
A new report on eLearning in Africa has submitted that teachers are unwilling to adopt technology to aid their teaching even when the tools are readily available. The research work: ‘eLearning Africa Report: ICTs Boosting Growth but Teachers Reluctant to Change’ notes: “Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is the key to improving education and thus boosting growth across Africa – but there is still widespread reluctance among teachers, trainers and managers to abandon traditional methods in favour of new solutions.”
The report was launched as part of this year’s eLearning Africa conference which held in Addis Ababa last month May.
“Our survey of 1500 African education and ICT professionals shows that, despite the importance of ICT in education, there is insufficient awareness in many schools, colleges, institutions and government departments of the benefits it brings,” said report’s editors, Harold Elletson and Annika Burgess.
The researchers added: “57 per cent of those surveyed by eLearning Africa said that educators in their own countries are still not sufficiently aware of the benefits of using ICT in education – although 95 per cent agreed that ICTs are the key to improving education” in their own country.”
While many African countries have committed huge funds to improving their ICT and education sector, there appears to be still be a disconnect in the education sector and among the larger stakeholders on how teaching can be improved using available ICT tools.
“Reluctance,” according to the report, was “a major theme emerging from teachers and educators; many revealed that their attitude towards ICTs in education was not always shared throughout their institution.”
The report identifies a number of obstacles, preventing the greater use of ICTs in education and training. These include the cost of services and equipment, poor infrastructure and a lack of awareness about how best to use ICT for teaching and learning. 74 per cent of teachers also said they were not provided with enough support to improve their digital literacy. Only a third (33 per cent) of primary school teachers said they had been properly taught digital skills.
“Whilst the failure of teachers and educational institutions to take up the technological challenge is disappointing,” says Elletson, “there is little doubt that in many African countries, the contribution ICTs are making to improving training is having a significant impact on performance and growth in key sectors.”
In the agricultural sector, for example, 91 per cent of survey respondents involved in farming say that ICTs have led to increased yields, 87 per cent say they have helped them to develop new business opportunities and 71 per cent say they have used them to adopt new farming techniques. They may be having a wider environmental benefit too – 90 per cent say that ICTs contribute to better food security and sustainable development in their region.
“It is clear that, with a greater focus on using ICTs effectively to improve education and training, African economies can benefit substantially,” says Burgess.
The Report concludes that “raising the awareness and skills of teachers – and learners – is crucial for ICT integration to be successful. A lack of awareness about the benefits, as well as the lack of digital skills, leads to reluctance to embrace them.”
The eLearning Africa Report, which also includes columns by leading figures in African education, news, features and interviews, is available online: www.elearning-africa.com/report.